Discussion Questions on Rationality (3)

1. Restate the independence condition (which Gauthier calls the "monotonicity condition") in your own words. How plausible do you think it is? What do you think of the possible counterexample Gauthier mentions on p. 45 and the response he gives?

2. In Newcomb's problem, should one choose one box or two? Why?

3. What does a cardinal utility function tell us that an ordinal utlity function doesn't?

4. On page 44, Gauthier mentions a "continuity" axiom. What does it say? Do you think it is a condition of rationality? What should we think about the counterexample that Gauthier presents on p. 45?